A persistent imbalance between one’s own abilities and external demands, coupled with a lack of recognition, can lead in the long term to the exhaustion of one’s own resources and to inability to perform. In some cases, the symptoms of burnout are similar to those of depression, such as persistent depression, exhaustion, feelings of failure, subjective overload, reduced performance. It is therefore important to classify exactly whether the syndrome is a depressive illness or the consequences of stressful occupational or extra-occupational activities (e.g. caring for relatives). For the first time, burn-out syndrome was diagnosed in persons from the so-called “helping professions” such as nursing care for the sick and elderly, voluntary work, teaching professions and doctors. In the meantime, however, it is assumed that burnout syndrome can occur in all professions.